Budget and Appropriations
Each year, Congress passes budget and appropriations legislation covering federal spending for the coming fiscal year, which starts on October 1. The process begins when the President submits a proposed budget to Congress on the first Monday in February. By April 15, Congress adopts a budget resolution that establishes an overall outline for spending and revenues in the coming year. Although the budget resolution does not become law, Congress is informally bound by its framework. The budget resolution contains two types of spending – discretionary (annually appropriated) and mandatory (not subject to annual appropriations). If the budget resolution assumes increased revenue (taxes) or reduced mandatory funding, Congress must pass legislation to stay in line with the budget resolution. The process is completed later in the year, with the enactment of separate appropriations bills that fund the discretionary portion of the budget.
Recently, many in Congress have made fervent attempts to change the budget process, by proposing rigid budget caps, constitutional amendments requiring a balanced budget, and other budget rules making it easier to cut spending while making it procedurally difficult to consider revenue or expenditure increases.
These measures fail to take into account the investments needed to meet the needs of the most vulnerable and realize the goal of reducing poverty and increasing economic security for all Americans.
For more information on this issue, visit CHN’s Public Policy Priorities, 2015-2016.
SAVE for ALL National Organizations Sign On Letter
National- level groups by signing stand for 4 key principles. Federal budgets should: (1) protect low-income people; (2) invest in broadly shared prosperity; (3) increase revenues; and (4) seek responsible savings from reducing waste in the Pentagon and elsewhere.Please sign by March 12, 2015. For more information about SAVE for All, click here.For the PDF version of this letter click here.
Press Release: Key Human Needs Funding Has Been Shrinking Since 2010, New Analysis Underscores Need to Reverse Cuts
Selected Human Needs Programs – Shrinking Funding Since 2010
Fiscal Year 2015 budget Page
Impacts of Sequestration and Federal Shutdown
CHN: SAVE for All Campaign
CHN Webinars on the Budget
CBPP: Introduction to the Federal Budget Process
FY 2010 – FY 2015 Appropriations
Americans for Tax Fairness
Center for Community Change
Center for American Progress
Center for Effective Government (Formerly OMB Watch)
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
Citizens for Tax Justice
Economic Policy Institute
National Priorities Project
National Women’s Law Center
- February 4, 2015National Priorities Project: President Obama Proposes 2016 Budget
- October 21, 2014NPP: State Smart - Federal Funds in 50 States and D.C.
Policy Analyses and Research
- April 1, 2014House Budget Committee: Fiscal Year 2015 Budget