2.5 Million Fewer Poor People in 2016; Now-threatened programs made the difference


September 12, 2017

The poverty rate declined to 12.7 percent in 2016, down from 13.5 percent in 2015 and from 14.8 percent in 2014, according to new U.S. Census data released Tuesday.  That 2.1 percentage point drop is the largest two-year decline since 1969. Since 2014, the number of people in poverty has dropped by more than 6 million.  Children remain disproportionately poor, with 18 percent (13.3 million) living in poverty, but the proportion of children in poverty also declined steeply over the past two years (down from 21.1 percent in 2014, nearly a 2.3 million decline).

In part, the improvement in poverty was related to the increase in people with earnings (up 1.2 million since 2015), and the increase in the number of people working full-time/year-round (up 2.2 million since 2015).  The lowest 20 percent of households saw their incomes increase by about 9 percent over two years. 

Also very important in reducing poverty were government programs.  As shown by the Census Bureau’s Supplemental Poverty Measure, without Social Security, the total number poor would have been more than 26 million higher (with nearly 1.5 million more children poor).  Low-income tax credits such as the EITC and Child Tax Credit prevented nearly 8.2 million from being poor (nearly 4.4 million children).  SNAP/food stamps lifted nearly 3.6 million out of poverty (1.5 million children).  Housing subsidies and Supplemental Security Income each lifted more than 3 million people out of poverty. 

“The increase in people with earnings and the help of tax credits and other assistance has helped millions of people escape poverty,” said Deborah Weinstein, Executive Director of the Coalition on Human Needs.  “But the Trump administration and the House Budget Committee have called for big cuts in some of the programs most effective at reducing poverty, including tax credits, SNAP/food stamps, and housing assistance.  Weakening these programs would threaten the progress finally being made, years after the end of the Great Recession.”

African Americans and Latinos are still more than twice as likely to be poor as non-Hispanic whites, but their poverty has also declined.  22 percent of African Americans (down from 24.1 percent in 2015) and 19.4 percent of Hispanic/Latinos (down from 21.4 percent in 2015) are poor, compared to 8.8 percent of non-Hispanic whites (whose poverty rate was 9.1 percent in 2015).  African American and Latino children make up about 43 percent of all children, but two-thirds of all poor children.  Their child poverty rates remain extremely high (30.8 percent of African American children are poor, as are 26.6 percent of Hispanic children).  “Lower earnings and higher poverty among communities of color remain among our nation’s biggest challenges,” said Weinstein.  “In particular, reducing child poverty among communities of color should be a top priority, since they are such an important part of our future.”

Today’s release also showed a continued decline in the proportion of uninsured, from 9.1 percent in 2015 to 8.8 percent in 2016.  Here too, government programs played an important role:  In states that chose to expand their Medicaid programs, 13 percent of their working age population between 100 – 300 percent of the poverty line were uninsured in 2016, compared to 20.6 percent of the same income range for states that did not expand Medicaid.  “Those in Congress who want to end the expansion of Medicaid will hurt a great many moderate income workers,” said Weinstein.

Click here to view CHN’s “First Look at Poverty and Health Insurance: Progress We Need to Build On,” a chart detailing some of the statistics released today by the U.S. Census Bureau. And check back here regularly to see more information on the Census and the latest poverty data.

Categories: Affordable Care Act, Budget and Appropriations, Economy, Food and Nutrition, Health, Health Care Reform, Home Energy Assistance, Housing and Homelessness, Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP), Medicaid, Poverty and Income, SNAP

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Discuss: “2.5 Million Fewer Poor People in 2016; Now-threatened programs made the difference”

  1. avatar
    September 12, 2017 at 9:53 pm #

    Interesting. Last week, media collectively launched an effort to show the extraordinary success of the years of hard-right economic policies, now brought to fruition by a “great leader,” Donald Trump. 2.5 million fewer poor! But how does one obtain such statistics? In reality, we have no way to determine how many Americans are truly poor, nor has there been any effort to find out. In the past, we relied on welfare statistics to develop a fair estimate of poverty in the US. When actual welfare aid ended in the 1990s, so did those statistics.

    Think about it. The US began shutting down/shipping out jobs in the 1980s, ended actual welfare aid in the 1990s. Since 2000, we have lost over 5 million manufacturing jobs alone. And yet, in just the few months that Trump has been in office, poverty gas disappeared from America, and we now actually have an over-abundance of jobs! According to the media, employers are unable to find enough workers.

    Where are the celebrations? This is the first time in history when every American is able to work, and there are jobs for all.This make Trump the greatest president ever!

    Posted by D.H. Fabian